A migraine is a vascular headache, which means it involves the blood vessels in the head. Migraine is, indeed, the most common sort of vascular headache. Signs of migraine are often a throbbing, intense pain on one side of the head, or both sides of the head. Other symptoms for migraine are gastrointestinal disturbances and visual disturbances. Another of the migraine symptoms is sensitivity to light.
Medical professionals aren’t certain as to what causes migraine. They do tend to agree that it’s caused by changes in the flow of blood in the brain. The blood vessels in people with migraine tend to be especially sensitive. Women suffer from migraine more often than men.
Not all migraines are the same. The symptoms of migraine that are considered classic are auras, which are zig-zags and flashing lights in the patient’s field of vision. Other symptoms of migraine of this kind can be slurred speech, weakness on one side of the body, tingling in the hands and face and confusion. The symptoms for migraine that are considered common lack the aura but sufferers might undergo vague and disturbing migraine symptoms before the pain actually starts. There are mood changes, tiredness, fluid retention, and a mental fogginess. When the pain finally arrives, it might be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and increased urination. These symptoms might persist for half a week.
The signs and symptoms of migraine, both classic and common, can afflict a person a couple of times a week, or years can pass between episodes. They can happen at any time, but some women notice that the signs and symptoms of migraine most often strike right before their menstrual period. Other people get them on the Saturday morning after a hard week at work. Pastors sometimes see signs of migraine on the Monday after an unusually stressful church service.
There are other, less common forms of migraine. In the hemiplegic migraine, the sufferer is actually paralyzed, though temporarily, on one side of their body. Other migraine symptoms can include vertigo or visual disturbances. This happens about ten minutes to an hour and a half before the headache itself.
In an ophtlamoplegic migraine, the pain is concentrated around the eye. The signs of migraine in this case include a drooping eyelid and double vision.
A benign exertional headache is a migraine that comes after exercise. It can also be caused by mundane actions like sneezing or coughing. Fortunately, the pain of this headache lasts only a few minutes.
In a basilar artery migraine, a major artery in the brain is affected. The symptoms here include vertigo, double vision and stumbling. The sufferer is often an adolescent girl.
Some people even have migraines that are painless. However, they do suffer such symptoms as nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and/or constipation.
On the other hand, status migrainosus is a headache that’s so agonizing that the patient needs to be rushed to the hospital. The pain of this headache can go on for three days or even longer. This sort of headache seems to be triggered by the use of certain drugs.
Physicians usually take two tracks to treat migraine headaches. They either try to prevent them, or relieve the symptoms for migraine after they begin. Patients who get migraine once in a while can take aspirin or an NSAID at the beginning of an attack to ease or stop the pain. Caffeine might also be helpful. Some people have reportedly found relief by holding their hands in a sink full of warm water. Patients who have severe pain will probably need to be given prescription painkillers. One is ergotamine tartare, which helps constrict the blood vessels. It’s important that this drug be administered during the early stages of a migraine headache. Because the drug causes vomiting, it might also be given with an anti-nausea medication.