Multiple Sclerosis Causes

For some it is debilitating pain and a constant dizziness. For others its blurry vision and muscle pain. For all those suffering with Multiple Sclerosis it means life will never be the same. Living with MS, as it is often called is difficult at best. This condition is still not completely understood by the medical community. Some feel it starts as a virus, particularly Epstein-Barr, while others feel there are genetic links to blame. Regardless of what the theories are behind its onset makes no difference, because there is no cure at this time. Because doctors don’t know what causes Multiple Sclerosis, they are left with a puzzling condition that takes trial and error to treat the symptoms for their patients. Because the symptoms for Multiple Sclerosis are very individualized, it makes treatment and diagnosis that much more difficult for the physician. To identify this condition, a brain scan is usually done with other tests.

Multiple Sclerosis photo
Photo by KOMUnews

The question is always the same for all those who are suffering, what are the causes of Multiple Sclerosis? People who live with this condition wonder if it is something they have done, something they didn’t do and how they developed this condition. Though the causes Multiple Sclerosis may be hard to identify, the signs and symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis can mimic many other conditions, like a stroke. Because many other conditions can have similar symptoms, it makes diagnosis that much more difficult. For some it may be weakness in the legs and the inability to function properly, others may not even know they are affected for years after the onset.
Multiple Sclerosis is a condition that is classified as an autoimmune disease. While this disease is constantly being studied, there are still many mysteries surrounding it. The condition affects the brain and the spinal cord. A person with MS suffers nerve damage because the body is attacking itself. Scar tissue builds up on the spinal cord and the brain itself, and causes great impairment to the person. Nearly 400,000 people in America are said to have this condition and it usually affects those in the teen years and on up to around 40 years of age.
The symptoms for Multiple Sclerosis are vast and very differently to each person. In the early onset of the disease, the following symptoms are commonly seen:

  • Tingling In the Arms and Legs
  • Numbness in Arms and Legs
  • Total or Partial Loss of Balance
  • Weakness That Affects the Entire Body or Just One Limb
  • Blurry Vision
  • Double Vision
  • Malaise
  • Flu like Symptoms

As the disease progresses, the signs and symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis will change and intensify. It is common to see the following symptoms:

  • General Fatigue
  • Sensitivity to Hot and Cold Temperatures
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Lightheaded or Dizziness
  • Decreased Concentration
  • Blurred Vision
  • Pin and Needle Sensations
  • Problems Swallowing
  • Speaking Difficulties
  • Tremors
  • Gait Disturbances
  • Breathing Issues
  • Seizures
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Depression

The Multiple Sclerosis treatment plan may include many different avenues depending on the patient’s symptoms and level of intensity. Since there is no cure, the idea is to make the symptoms manageable. If doctors knew what are the causes of Multiple Sclerosis are, it would make it easier to treat. However; since little information is known, they must treat each person individually, according to their symptoms.
There are drugs that can slow the progression of this horrible disease, and then those that can treat the symptoms. Anti-depressants are often one of the first diagnosed prescriptions that can help with depression and some of the dizziness. Many people are given steroids to reduce inflammation and help with muscle problems. It is not uncommon for many different drugs to be given at one time. Patients with MD often feel like they are being overmedicated. If the medical community knew what causes Multiple Sclerosis then they could treat it differently. Currently Multiple Sclerosis treatment is based around controlling one’s symptoms and if possible, slowing the progression.
There are many clinical studies and testing be conducted to try to figure out the causes Multiple Sclerosis and possible treatment options. It is one of the most misdiagnosed and misunderstood of all the autoimmune conditions. Still those suffering are hopeful that with time and technology something will be able to be done to cure this disease.

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